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Battery

<2017> Ƭ̿ 2
  • ߰ : 2017-02-21
  • ֱ߰ : 
  •  : 505
  •  : 3,500,000
ôٿεޱ

<2017> Ƭ ̿

 

ֱ IT Application ESS, EV Ȯ ̿ ߾ 䰡 ǰ ִ.

 

Ƭ̿ 2 1985 Ϻ Akira Yoshino ߸Ǿ 1991 SONY信 ȭȴ. ̶ SONY (Cathode Material) ƬڹƮȭ(LiCoO2; LCO Ī)̴. Ƭ̿ 2 μ LCO 3.7V Ī , Ƭ ԰ Ż ̷ ռ ϰ, Ư Ƽ ݱ ǰ ִ ̴. ׷ LCO ΰDZ ߴ. ũ 差 Co ּ LCO ſ δٴ ̴. ϳ ɿ μ ⿡ LCO Ҿ Ͽ 뷮 150mAh/g ̷ 뷮 ۿ ̸ Ѵٴ ̴.

ڵ ߴ LCO 縦 ϱ ư Ҹ ȴ.

 

̿ 簡 ƬڹƮ˷̴ȭ (LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2; NCA Ī)̴. ׸ Ӱ ߵ 簡 ƬڹƮȭ(LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2; NCM Ī) 3M䰡 ߸Ͽ NCM111Ư㸦 ϰ ִ ̴. LGȭ NCM ̷ Ϻ LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (NCM 523) ϱ⵵ Ͽ. ֱٿ NCM622, NCM811 High Ni 簡 ǰ ִ.

 

ɳ (Spinel Structure) ϴ Ƭȭ(LiMn2O4; LMO Ī) ִµ 뷮 100mAh/g LCO Ư ϰ, ٵ Low-end ǰ ǰų 翡 Ϻ blendinϿ  ִ.

 

ø (Olivin Structure) ϴ Ƭλöȭ(LiFePO4; FPO Ī) ִµ, 3.5V Ƿ Fe Mn̳ Ni ġȯ ø 簡 â ߿ ִ.

 

Ƭ̿ 2 4 ǰ(, , , и) ϰ ִ ü Ƭ̿ 2 cost 30~40% ũ Cost ߿ ҷ Ǵ Ƭ̿ 2 ȭ ؼ ÿ ȭ ʼҰ Ҷ ִ.

 

2016 LIB 215,542 Ǿ. ߱ 60.5% 130,312, Ϻ 18.7% 40,410, ѱ 10.6% 22,820 縦 ǸϿ.

纰δ NCM 31.0% 66,750 , LCO 30.3% 65,250̰, LFP 39,851̰, LMO 11.6% 25,041, NCA 8.7% 18,650 Ǿ.

Ƭ 2016 ۷ι Ϸ Umicore, Nichia (), ShanShan (), L&F (), SMM () ̴. ۿ ߱ ü Easpring (), Pulead (), Reshine (), B&M (), XTC () ڸ հ ִ. 10 ȿ Umicore ѱ 2 ü, Ϻ 2 ṵ̈, 6 ߱ü ־ ߱ ָ ʿ䰡 ִ.

 

ó 3 ֵϰ , ߱ ü ߱ ͸ Ŀ Բ ÷ ڷ λϿ, Ϻ ü ü ռ ߱ ϰ ִ. ѱ ü ߱ ü ݰ£ ¼ ϰ, Ϻ ü , ü ġϰ ؾߵǴ Ȳ̴.

 

۷ι 忡 LIB ū Բ ﱹ ü ġ ȴ.


̹ Ʈ ŸԺ 翡 Ͽµ, Ư Ni rich NCM ߽ ֽ ؼ ߵ Ͽ. 縦 ϴ ü 忡 Ͽ ٷ. ü ѱ 8, Ϻ 8, ߱ 8 ü ̴. ü ü ѱ 6, Ϻ 3, ߱ 6̴. 


κ ֱ 3 鿡 鿡 , , ŸԺ SCM мϿ. IT xEV, ESS 2020 並 Ͽ.

 

 

< Strong Point>

- ֱ Ni rich NCM 翡 ִ.
- ƴ϶ ü, 忡 ü ִ.
- Ƭ ü, ü ijȹ, ִ.
- Ƭ ֿ ü ִ.
- Ƭ ֿ ͸Ŀ 4 Ȳ ľ ִ.
- 2014 2016 ֱ3 帧 ȭ ִ

 

 


. Ȳ Trend

 

1.

1.1 Ȳ

1.2

1.2.1 ̿ ռ ռ

1.2.2 Mott-Hubbard ̵

1.2.3 3d ̱ݼ ȭ ̵

1.2.4 Ȯ 2

1.3 Ȱ 䱸Ǵ Ư

 

2. ȭ ؼ

2.1 ȭչ

2.1.1 LiCoO2

2.1.2 LiNiO2

2.1.3 LiMO2 (M = Fe, Mn)

2.1.4 Ni-Mn ȭչ

2.1.5 Ni-Co-Mn 3а

2.1.6 Ƭ ȭչ

2.2 Spinel ȭչ

2.2.1 LiMn2O4

2.2.2 ̱ݼ doping LiMn2O4

2.3 Olivine ȭչ

2.3.1 LiFePO4

2.3.1.1 LiFePO4

2.3.1.2 LiFePO4 ȭȯ Ư

2.3.1.3 LiFePO4 Ư

2.3.1.4 LiFePO4

2.3.1.5 Ư

2.3.2 LiMPO4 (M = Mn, Co, Ni)

 

3. Ÿ

3.1. Ȳ

3.1.1 Ȳ 縦 ä Ư¡

3.3.1.1 Polydisulfide([(SRS)n]) ذ Ȳ : Lawrence Berkeley Lab

3.3.1.2 Poly(carbon disulfide) [(CSx)n] - Polyaniline Composite ذ Ȳ : Moltech

3.3.1.3 Elementary sulfur(S8, ȰȲ) Ȳ : Polyplus Corp

3.1.2 Elementary Sulfur Ȳ

3.3.2.1 Ȳ Ȱ Ư

3.3.2.2 Ƭ/Ȳ

3.3.2.3 Ƭ/Ȳ

3.2. ҼҰ

3.3. ҵ

3.3.1

3.3.2 ȭ

3.3.2.1 P2-NaxCoO2

3.3.2.2 O3-NaNixCoyMnzO2 solid solution phase

3.3.2.3 P2-type Mn-based layered oxides

3.3.3 ȭ

3.3.3.1 Phosphate-based materials

3.3.3.2 Fluorophosphate-based materials

 

 

Chapter . Ni-Rich NCM


1.

2. Ni-Rich NCM

2.1. ̿ ȥ (Cation mixing)

2.2. ܷ Ƭ ȭչ (Residual lithium compounds)

3. Ni-Rich NCM ذ

3.1. Doping effects

3.2. Coating effects              

3.3. Modified precursors

 

Chapter .


1.

1.1. Mixing

1.2. Calcination

1.3. Crushing

1.4. Classifying

1.5. Żö

2. ü(Precursor)

2.1. Reactor

2.2. Reactor

3. Ư

 

3.1. ȭ
3.2. ǥ (surface Area Meter)

 

3.3. Ե (Particle Distribution)

3.4.  е (Tap Density

3.5.  з (Moisture Content)

3.6.  ź긮Ƭ

3.7.  м (Thermal Analysis)

3.8. 

4. ر

 

Chapter . ü


1. ѱ ü

1.1 ؿ

1.2 ѱ ھ (Umicore Korea)

1.3

1.4 ڽż

1.5 GS̿

1.6 ͸

1.7 ESM

1.8 ENFũ


2. Ϻ ü

2.1 Nichia

2.2 Sumitomo Metal Mining

2.3 Toda Kogyo

2.4 Tanaka

2.5 Mitsui Kinzoku

2.6 Santoku

2.7 AGC Seimi Chemical

2.8


3. ߱ ü

3.1 Reshine

3.2 ShanShan

3.3 Easpring

3.4 B&M

3.5 Pulead

3.6 Xiamen Tungsten (XTC)

3.7 Ningbo Jinhe

3.8 Quindao

 

Chapter . LIB (~2020)


1. ۷ι LIB (~2020)

2. IT LIB (~2020)

3. EV LIB (~2020)

4. ESS LIB (~2020)

 

Chapter .


1. (Cathode Market Demand)

1.1 Ȳ

1.2 纰 Ȳ

1.3 ü Ȳ

1.4 ŸԺ ȭ Ȳ

1.5 ü Ȳ

1.5.1 SDI Ȳ

1.5.2 LGȭ Ȳ

1.5.3 Panasonic Ȳ

1.5.4 Sony Ȳ

1.5.5 AESC Ȳ

1.5.6 Hitachi Maxell Ȳ

1.5.7 BYD Ȳ

1.5.8 Lishen Ȳ

1.5.9 BAK Ȳ

1.5.10 ATL Ȳ

1.5.11 Coslight Ȳ


2. ij Ȳ

3.

3.1

3.2 ŸԺ

3.3

3.3.1 Nickel

3.3.2 Cobalt

3.3.3 Manganese

3.3.4 Lithium

 

Chapter . ü


1. ü Supply Chain Ȳ

2. ü ֿ ü

1.1 ()

1.2 JHɹĮ ()

1.3 ENF Technology() ()

1.4 GS EM ()

1.5 EMT ()

1.6 E&D ()

1.7 Tanaka ()

1.8 Kansai Catalyst ()

1.9 KLK(Jiangsu Cobalt Nickel Metal Co. Ltd.) ()

1.10 Brunp ()

1.11 Huayou ()

 

Figure 2.2.1 a) Ni K-edge XANES spectra of Li[Ni1-2xCoxMnx]O2

 

 

 

Figure 2.2.11 Schematic view of the layered cathode material with a pillar layer at the surface.

 

 

 

Figure 2.2.2 Illustration of the ordered and disordered phase in layered lithium metal oxides and their structural transformation.

 

 

 

 Figure 6.1.1.6 Ƭ ̿ (2016)


 

Figure 6.1.3.5 Ƭ ̿ ޾ü Market Share (2016)


 

 

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